The Ten Commandments, also known as the Decalogue, are a set of religious and moral laws that are central to the faith of Judaism and Christianity.
They are traditionally believed to have been given by God to Moses on Mount Sinai. Here is the list of the Ten Commandments in English:
1- “You shall have no other gods before me.”
2- “You shall not make for yourself an idol or worship any other gods.”
The second commandment, “You shall not make for yourself an idol or worship any other gods,” is related to the first commandment and builds on the concept of monotheism. An idol is defined as a physical object, such as a statue or a symbol, that is worshiped or revered as a representation of a deity. This commandment prohibits the creation of idols or images that are worshiped as gods and instead directs worship to the one true God.
The purpose of this commandment is to protect against idolatry, the worship of false gods or images, and to maintain a proper relationship with God. It encourages people to worship the one true God with a pure heart and to avoid becoming attached to physical objects or images as substitutes for God. This commandment is a reminder that the worship of false gods is contrary to the faith of the Abrahamic traditions and can lead to a distorted understanding of God and one’s relationship with Him.
3- “You shall not take the name of the Lord your God in vain.”
The third commandment, “You shall not take the name of the Lord your God in vain,” is a prohibition against the misuse or abuse of God’s name. This commandment prohibits using the name of God in an empty or meaningless way, or using it as a curse word.
The purpose of this commandment is to promote respect and reverence for the name of God, which is seen as a symbol of God’s presence and power. By avoiding the misuse of God’s name, people are able to demonstrate their reverence for God and to maintain a proper relationship with God. This commandment encourages people to use the name of God in a meaningful and respectful way, and to avoid using it in a manner that is trivial, vulgar, or disrespectful.
4- “Remember the Sabbath day and keep it holy.”
The fourth commandment, “Remember the Sabbath day and keep it holy,” is a command to set aside one day of the week for rest and worship. The day of the week referred to as the Sabbath varies among different religious traditions, but it is typically considered to be Saturday in Judaism and Sunday in Christianity.
The purpose of this commandment is to allow people to rest and recharge physically, emotionally, and spiritually. By taking a day off from work and other obligations, people are able to spend time with family and friends, participate in religious observances and worship, and reflect on their relationship with God. The commandment also emphasizes the importance of worship and spiritual reflection, and encourages people to set aside time each week to connect with God and to cultivate their spiritual lives. By observing the Sabbath, people are able to maintain a healthy balance between work and rest, and to cultivate a deeper sense of purpose and connection with God.
5- “Honor your father and mother.”
The fifth commandment, “Honor your father and mother,” is a command to show respect and obedience to one’s parents. This commandment recognizes the important role that parents play in the upbringing and development of children, and it encourages children to repay the love and care that their parents have given them.
The purpose of this commandment is to promote family stability and to foster healthy relationships between parents and children. By honoring one’s parents, children are able to show gratitude for their parents’ sacrifices and efforts, and to maintain a positive and supportive relationship with them. The commandment also recognizes the authority and responsibility of parents, and it encourages children to listen to and obey their parents, within the bounds of conscience and morality.
In many cultures and religious traditions, the fifth commandment is considered to be one of the most important commandments, as it lays the foundation for healthy family relationships and lays the basis for a strong and stable society. By honoring one’s parents, people are able to demonstrate their respect for the important role that parents play in their lives, and they are able to lay the foundation for a healthy and happy family life.
6- “You shall not murder.”
The sixth commandment, “You shall not murder,” is a moral and legal prohibition against taking the life of another person intentionally and without just cause. This commandment recognizes the sanctity of human life and the importance of respecting the inherent dignity of all individuals.
In a broader sense, the commandment can be understood as a call to non-violence and compassion, and to treat others with kindness and respect. It calls on individuals to resolve conflicts peacefully and to refrain from actions that could harm or kill others. Additionally, the commandment reminds people of the importance of valuing life and recognizing the intrinsic worth of all human beings, regardless of their background, beliefs, or circumstances.
The sixth commandment is a fundamental principle of many religious and ethical traditions, and is widely regarded as one of the most basic and essential elements of human morality. By following this commandment, people are able to create safer and more peaceful communities, and to cultivate relationships based on mutual respect, love, and compassion.
7- “You shall not commit adultery.”
The seventh commandment, “You shall not commit adultery,” is a moral and legal prohibition against engaging in sexual intercourse with someone who is married to someone else. This commandment is often understood to refer to extramarital sexual relationships, and is intended to promote the sanctity of marriage and the stability of family life.
In a broader sense, the commandment can be seen as a call to sexual morality and responsibility. It encourages individuals to maintain high standards of sexual behavior, to respect the commitments they make to their partners, and to avoid engaging in sexual activities that could cause harm or lead to the breaking of trust in relationships.
The seventh commandment is a fundamental principle of many religious and ethical traditions, and is widely regarded as a key aspect of human morality. By following this commandment, people are able to build strong and healthy relationships based on trust, respect, and mutual commitment, and to create a more just and peaceful world.
8- “You shall not steal.”
The eighth commandment, “You shall not steal,” is a moral and legal prohibition against taking someone else’s property or assets without their permission. This commandment is widely recognized as one of the fundamental principles of human morality and is incorporated into the legal systems of many societies.
The purpose of the eighth commandment is to protect the rights and property of others, and to promote fairness, honesty, and responsibility in human interactions. By following this commandment, people are able to build trust and respect in their relationships, and to create a more just and equitable society.
In a broader sense, the commandment can be seen as a call to respect the rights and dignity of others, and to avoid engaging in actions that could cause harm or lead to the exploitation of others. By following this commandment, people are able to build strong and healthy relationships, and to contribute to the development of a more peaceful and harmonious world.
9- “You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.”
The 9th Commandment “You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor” prohibits making false statements that harm another person’s reputation, credibility, or well-being. In other words, it is a directive to be truthful and honest in one’s speech and actions.
10- “You shall not covet anything that belongs to your neighbor.”
The 10th Commandment “You shall not covet anything that belongs to your neighbor” forbids the desire to take possession of, or control over, something that belongs to another person. This includes not only material possessions, but also things such as a person’s status, reputation, or relationships. This commandment promotes contentment and respect for others’ property and belongings.
It is worth noting that the wording and number of commandments may vary slightly depending on the specific tradition or denomination.